Cultivation

To cultivate a mushroom species one has to understand and replicate the most beneficial conditions in each stage of the life cycle. To do this a grower must choose a suitable substrate, a method of inoculating the substrate, a process of incubation and the environmental conditions to stimulate the formation of fruiting bodies.

What Types of Fungi to grow

Commonly cultivated species include:

  • Agaricus blazei | A. subrufescens (Himematsutake | King Agaricus | Almond Portobello)
  • Agaricus bisporus (Portobello | Button | Crimini)
  • Agrocybe aegerita (Black Poplar | Pioppino)
  • Chlorophyllum rachodes (Shaggy parasol)
  • Coprinus comatus (Shaggy Mane | Lawyer’s Wig)
  • Flammulina velutipes (Enokitake | Nametake)
  • Fomes fomentarius (Tinder Conk | Hoof Fungus | Ice Man Polypore | Amadou)
  • Ganoderma applanatum (Artist’s Conk | Kofukitake)
  • Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi (Divine/Spiritual Mushroom in Japanese) | Ling Chi/Zhi (Tree of Life Mushroom in Chinese) | Mannentake (10,000-year mushroom in Japanese) | Panacea Polypore)
  • Grifola frondosa (Maitake (Dancing Mushroom) | Kumotake (Cloud Mushroom) | Hen-of -the-Woods)
  • Hericium abietis (Comb Tooth)
  • Hericium erinaceus (Lion’s Mane | Monkey’s Head | Sheep’s Head | Bear’s Head | Old Man’s Beard | Satyr’s beard | Pom Pom)
  • Hypholoma capnoides (Brown-Gilled Clustered Woodlover)
  • Hypsizygus tessulatus (Beech Mushroom | Bunashimeji)
  • Hypsizygus ulmarius (Elm Oyster | Shirotamogitake)
  • Inonotus obliquus (Chaga)
  • Laetiporu sulphureus (Chicken-of-the-Woods | Sulfur Shelf)
  • Lepista nuda (Blewit)
  • Lentinula edodes (Shiitake | Donka | Pasania)
  • Macrolepiota procera (Parasol Mushroom)
  • Morel angusticeps (Black Morel)
  • Pholiota nameko (Nameko | Slime Pholiota)
  • Piptoporus betulinus (Birch polypore | Kanbatake)
  • Pleurotus citrinopileatus (Golden Oyster | Tamogitake)
  • Pleurotus cystidiosus (Abalone | Maple Oyster)
  • Pleurotus djamor (Pink Oyster | Salmon Oyster)
  • Pleurotus eryngii (King Oyster)
  • Pleurotus eusomus (Tarragon Oyster)
  • Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster | Hiratake)
  • Pleurotus pulmonarius (Pheonix Oyster | Indian Oyster)
  • Pleurotus tuberregium (King Tuber | Tiger Milk)
  • Polyporus umbellatus (Zhu Ling | Umbrella Polypore)
  • Sparassis crispa (Cauliflower Mushroom)
  • Stropharia ruggosoannulata (King Stropharia | Garden Giant | Burgandy/Wine Cap |Godzilla Mushroom)
  • Trametes versicolor (Turkey Tail | Yun Zhi | Kawaratake | Cloud Mushroom)
  • Volvariella volvacea (Paddy Straw | Fukurotake)

Some of these species (such as the Oyster species and King Stropharia) are incredibly easy to grow and are recommended for the beginner.

An Overview of the Cultivation Process

 

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